Personal Growth

068 PANDU 01 15 PDF

NEERUKONDA RAVI. RAMA RAO. T. SECOND .. MED. NAME: SECOND YEAR. THIRD YEAR. 01 — NAGANABOYINA PANDU RANGA. S. Pandurangam, D. Pandya, P. Pankratov, A. K. ,01 1 Pankratov, A. V. Pankratov, B Panov, K. 15 17 Papapetrou, . 28, MH/SAY01, KALU MAHADU MENGAL, CENTRAL . 63, MH/SAY01, TANHAJI PANDU PATHAVE, STATE BANK OF.

Author: Shaktikasa Vukree
Country: Chad
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Art
Published (Last): 9 October 2011
Pages: 480
PDF File Size: 6.19 Mb
ePub File Size: 13.64 Mb
ISBN: 878-2-58808-301-1
Downloads: 84341
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Guzahn

He was named Minneri Deiyo god of Minneriya for this construction and is still referred apndu as such by the people in that area. Most of these verses are describing or even addressed to the female figures depicted in the apndu of Sigiriya.

Stones were used for foundations and columns, while brick were used for walls. Some kings, such as Sanghabodhi — paandu Voharika Tissa — were lenient in this aspect, while rulers like Ilanaga 33—43 and Jetthatissa I — were harsher. Under these conditions, rain fed cultivation was difficult, forcing early settlers to develop means to store water in order to maintain a constant supply of water for their cultivations.

Depicting female figures carrying flowers, they are the oldest surviving paintings of the Anuradhapura period. Book Category Portal WikiProject. The carvings at Isurumuniya are some of the best examples of the stone carving art of the Anuradhapura Kingdom.

The chief judicial officer was known as viniccayamacca and there were several judicial officers under him, known 011 vinicchayaka. Punishments differed from ruler to ruler. This article contains Indic text. Little 608 exists on the Jetavana fraternity which was established after the Jetavanaramaya was built, later than the other two. Villages were usually concentrated around irrigation pqndu to enable easy access to water for agriculture.

By the 8th century, large tanks such as Padaviya, Naccaduva, Kantale and Giritale had come into existence, further expanding the irrigation network. All buildings have been adorned with elaborate carvings and sculptures and were supported by large stone columns. A close link existed between the ruler and the Sangha Buddhist priesthood since the introduction of Buddhism to the country.


As a result, animal husbandry, except for the rearing of buffalo and cattle, was uncommon. During the times of Vasabha, Mahasena — and Dhatusena, the construction of large irrigation tanks and canals was given priority.

fashionable: Pandu – Oka Manchi Dnegudu gaadu

Retrieved 17 September Reservoirs were also constructed pandk tributaries of the Daduru Oya during this period, thereby supplying water to the south western part of the dry zone.

Buddhism played a strong role in the Anuradhapura period, influencing its culture, laws, and methods of governance.

Representing the Theravada teachings, it remained strictly conventional throughout the Anuradhapura Kingdom. By the end of the Anuradhapura Kingdom, large Hindu temples such as the Konesvaram temple had been constructed. Rajaratathe 608 around the capital, was under the direct administration of the king, while the Ruhuna southern part of the country and the Malaya Rata hill country were governed by officials called apa and mapa.

Only three Sinhala books survive from the Anuradhapura period. During the reign of Valagamba, the Pali Tripitaka was written in palm leaves. Several invasions have been made against the Anuradhapura Kingdom, all of which were launched from South India. The king was the final judge in legal disputes, and all cases against members of the royal family and high dignitaries of the state were judged by him. The paintings of Panvu and Hindagala are the only surviving specimens of art of the Anuradhapura Kingdom.

The flag used by Dutthagamani and subsequent rulers. Chola occupation of Anuradhapura.

This gradually developed into the modern sinhala scriptbut this was not complete by the end of the Anuradhapura Kingdom. The Springs of Sinhala Civilization. Founded by King Pandukabhaya in BC, the kingdom’s authority extended throughout the country, although several independent areas emerged from time panvu time, which grew more numerous towards the end of the kingdom. Panvu oldest coins found at Anuradhapura date up to BC. His ascension to the throne saw the start of the first Lambakanna dynasty, which ruled the country for more than three centuries.

He constructed hermitages, houses for the poor, cemeteries, and irrigation tanks. However, the king had to exercise this power with care and after consulting with his advisers. The Toluvila statue is similar to this, and dates to the later stages of the Anuradhapura Kingdom. By the end of the Anuradhapura Kingdom, a large and intricate irrigation network was available throughout Rajarata to support the agriculture of the country.


Archived from the original on 3 August The Jayaganga supplied water to square kilometres of paddy fields. Panxu stood immediately below the reservoir embankment, between the water and the paddy fields below. One of them, Siyabaslakarawas written pqndu the 9th or 10th century on the art of poetry and is based on the Sanskrit Kavyadarsha.

These reservoirs were enlarged in subsequent years by various rulers. The famous paintings and structures at Sigiriya ; the RuwanwelisayaJetavana stupasand other large stupas ; large buildings like the Lovamahapaya ; and religious works like the numerous Buddha statues are landmarks demonstrating the Anuradhapura period’s advancement in sculpting.

This association was initially with the Mahavihara sect, but by the middle of the 1st century BC, the Abhayagiri sect had also begun to have a close link to the ruling of the country.

These eventually became circular in shape, which were in turn followed by die struck coins. When such an army was prepared, it was commanded by several generals. Views Read Edit View history. Dominion of Ceylon Republic of Sri Lanka. Invasions from South India were a constant threat throughout ;andu Anuradhapura period.

The earliest Buddha statues belonging to the Anuradhapura 0 date back to the 1st century AD. Kingdom of Tambapanni Kingdom of Upatissa Nuwara.

Anuradhapura Kingdom

Nonetheless, the king of Anuradhapura was seen as the supreme ruler of the country throughout the Anuradhapura period. Paintings from a cave at Hindagala date back to the late Anuradhapura period, and may even belong to pndu same period as the Sigiriya paintings.

This page was last edited on 14 Septemberat