Get this from a library! Abusir and Saqqara in the year [Miroslav Bárta; Jaromír Krejčí;]. This collection of articles provides an overview, on the occasion of the Millennium , of Czech work at the Egyptian cemeteries of Abusir and Saqqara over the last. Abusir and Saqqara in the Year URL: /~krejci/AbuSaqqhtml. Format.

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Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Palacha 2 00 Prague 1 Czech Republic. Indeed, taking place every five years, it has developed into an effective and informative platform bringing scholars up to date with the most recent developments in the field, at Abusir and Saqqara in particular, but also taking into consideration the neighbouring pyramid fields as well as all other evidence and research relevant for gaining a better understanding of the primary subject of the conference.

Scholars of Egyptian archaeology, philology, art history, anthropology, natural sciences and other disciplines active on the pyramid fields, but also colleagues whose works elsewhere has an impact on the history of the pyramid fields, meet for a week to discuss the latest development and discoveries in their respective fields and establish further cooperation.

It was not different during the last meeting that took place in Prague during June22—26, In the present volume we offer 43 contributions by 53 scholars covering different fields and periods.

The overwhelming number of the 31 contributions is dedicated yera various aspects of Old Kingdom archaeology and most present specific aspects linked with archaeological excavations, both past and present. The successive period of the Middle Kingdom is represented by three studies; the New Kingdom period features four and the Late Period three articles, respectively. Finally, the volume is closed with two more yfar which cannot be strictly dated to a specific period.

The very nature of the individual contributions reflects well the current situation in Egyptology characterized by a focus on archaeology, the theory of artefacts, iconographic and art historian studies, and the research of largely unpublished archival materials. What is — rather unfortunately given the present state of affairs —in great demand are multidisciplinary projects making use of the current hi-tech standards in world archaeology.

Such projects in most cases fail due to the current restrictions in sampling strategies and subsequent analyses, unlike, for instance, in Sudanese archaeology. As long as this situation persists, hardly any significant progress in the current quality of Egyptian archaeology and Egyptology in general can be envisaged. The final but perhaps most important and heartfelt words are going to our dear saqqarq and friend Nicole Alexanian. This fine German scholar and close friend of many of us was made to leave this world too early.

She devoted her professional career to the study of the Old Kingdom yer, site, tombs and the Dahshur pyramid field in particular.

She was the author of many stimulating articles and studies and a monograph on the tomb of Netjeraperef. In accord with her family, we take the liberty to dedicate the present volume to her. We are convinced that her name and memory will remain everlasting and will thus fulfil one of the most important wishes of the Ancient Egyptians — achieving endless and thd presence through your deed sand thoughts.

It is the very hope of the editors that she would enjoy the current volume and discussions on many themes emerging through the rich collection of the texts presented below. It is probably zbusir out of place here to thank all the 2000 for their cooperation during the editorial process. We also wish to thank all members of yeae institute for their help and encouragement.

Proceedings of the conference held in Prague, June July 5, Proceedings of the conference held in Prague, May 30 — June 4, 2 volumes. Swimmers in the Sand. It has been long supposed that some of the manifold roots of ancient Egyptian civilisation might be connected with the climatic depredation of the Western Desert, which led to the last of intensive sedentary waves in the Nile valley It has been long supposed that some of the manifold roots of ancient Egyptian civilisation might be connected with the climatic depredation of the Western Desert, which led to the last of intensive sedentary waves in the Nile valley Middle and Upper Egypt and Sudan and to the emergence of the ancient Egyptian civilisation.

The sites of the Cave of Beasts Wadi Sura II and Cave of Swimmers Wadi Sura I indicate that the local prehistoric populations of hunters and gatherers probably formulated some notional outlines that later became key concepts of the ancient Egyptian world definition for their complexity and different meanings see recently Tassie—6. At the same time these ideas represented some of the founding elements of the Egyptian identity.

Abusir and Saqqara in the Year – Miroslav Bárta, Jaromír Krejčí – Google Books

It now becomes feasible to postulate that the Western Desert populations of the Sixth and early Fifth millennia BC sxqqara be considered as partial intellectual precursors of the ancient Egyptians who contributed to the specific character of this civilisation, transferring to the Nile valley their mundane experience and transcendental conceptions.


La tomba egizia nell’Antico Regno, Kemet, Turin. The book in Italian dedicated to the development of Ancient Egyptian society during the third millennium B. It focuses on burial and ritual practices, economy and art during the given period. L’impostazione e l’evoluzione delle tombe e L’impostazione e l’evoluzione delle tombe e delle pratiche funerarie nel periodo compreso tra Predinastico e il thhe dell’Antico Regno, con le conseguenti implicazioni economiche politiche e sociali.

This book is intended as a commented summary of some of the major trends and most important features that can be encountered when analysing ancient Egyptian society of the Old Kingdom. We have to bear in mind that around BCE one of We have to bear in mind that around BCE one of the first centralised states in our recorded history rose, and the Old Kingdom represents certainly one of its apogees.

Moreover, there is hardly any comparable society that left behind such a wealth of archaeological and literary evidence, a welcome companion for our journey back in time. The goal for writing this book was to outline general trends in the history of the non-royal tomb development of the period.

The reason is rather simple and straightforward: In the afterlife they replicated the life they experienced during the lifetime. Thus the tomb architecture, decoration, inscriptions and equipment paradoxically represent a major tool for our understanding of the everyday life of the ancient Egyptians and enable a better comprehension of the development and dynamics of the Old Kingdom. The book is divided into nine chapters covering, step by step, the development of the Egyptian tomb and society from the Predynastic Period to the end of the first six Egyptian dynasties, a lengthy period of time which covers the Early Dynastic and the Old Kingdom periods.

These six chapters are accompanied by three additional chapters on religious aspects of the Old Kingdom society, its economy and environment. This publication is the latest monographic outcome of a long-term project of survey and research of the archaeological site of Abusir, focusing on a particular set of cemeteries located at Abusir South.

Abusir and Saqqara in the Year 2000

So far, four volumes were published The present volume of the Abusir series concentrates on the mastaba of Neferinpu AS It aims to present primary data and their basic analysis and interpretation acquired during the tomb examination by the Czech Institute of Egyptology during two subsequent seasons of and and followed by some minor campaigns in and and a specific analytical campaign in September carried out by the Japanese team from Tokyo University of Sciene.

The mastaba was built by a sun priest and official Neferinpu who reached the peak of his career during the reign of Nyuserra and Djedkara. Altogether fifteen chapters are contained in the present volume. Next to it, the first and last chapters are dedicated to more general aspects of the site and the mastaba and her owner and related to a general historical background of the period.

Abusir and Saqqara in the Year 2000. Supplement of Archív orientální.

Throughout the publication, the reader should find a companion to subject- and period-specific issues concerning the development of Ancient Egyptian society of the day.

Since sampling permits are ausir impossible to obtain in contemporary Egypt and this in fact significantly hampers a deep resolution archaeology in the fieldthe multidisciplinary team had to limit itself to more traditional kinds of analysis. The only exception being radiocarbon dating carried out in cooperation with the French Institute of Archaeology in Cairo, the 3D scanning and modelling of two persons discovered in the compound and X-ray Raman spectroscopy analysis of selected artefacts.

Despite this, it is hoped that the current monograph will meet the expectations of most members of the scientific community. Abusir and Saqqara in the Year2 vols. Abusir and Saqqara in the year Edited volume covering basically all aspects of saqsara of the cemetery area of Abusir and Saqqara in pharaonic Egypt. Abusir South 2 Prague: Czech Institute of Egyptology.

The Cemeteries at Abusir South 1 more. It features the tombs of Ity Third Dynastyfamous tomb of Kaaper, Fetekti tomb with unique market scenesRahotep whose false door was robbed in February It features the tombs of Ity Third Dynastyfamous tomb of Kaaper, Fetekti tomb with unique market scenesRahotep whose false door was robbed in February and some others.

This book presents a tbe and original interpretation of the rock art in Egyptian Western Desert which is of a key importance for our understanding of the roots of ancient Egyptian civilisation. Indeed, her very origins can be most likely dated to the 6th millennium B. In this time and the centuries to follow the paintings in the Cave of the Swimmers known from a blockbuster English Patient and in the Cave of Beasts discovered only few years ago were created.

These caves are located in a distant and hardly accessible part of Egypt, on the border of Egypt, Libya and Sudan. The rock-art preserved in these saqsara features several unique motifs that will become cornerstone of ancient Egyptian iconography and mythology.


Among them may be named the motif of the sky goddess and the earth god, prototypic representation of an ancient chieftain in the much later pharaonic guise or the concept of cave creatures protecting the entrance to the Netherworld.

During the Fifth and Fourth millennia B. The present study aims to present a theory according to which at least some parts of the discussed rock art in the Western Desert was created by an ancient mind that later on contributed to the intellectual emergence of ancient Egyptian civilisation in the Nile valley.

Yeag, the Bible and the Patriarchs. Journey to immortality, the tombs of the te in the Old KingdomPrague more. A book yeaar Arabic on the history of Ancient Egypt during the Predynastic and Old Kingdom period, featuring also chapters dedicated to Ancient Egyptian Economy, religion, administration or history of Egyptian Egyptology chapter compiled by A book in Arabic on the history of Ancient Egypt during the Predynastic and Old Kingdom period, featuring also chapters dedicated to Ancient Egyptian Economy, religion, administration or saqqars of Egyptian Egyptology chapter compiled by M.

Memories of Years Ago more. Heraclitus law, punctuated equilibria and the dynamics of contemporary world more. Permanent competition and conflict between the interests of a few and many dominates the public space. The nature of military conflicts has likely changed. Unlike in the past, when wars were easily identifiable and limited in space and time, nowadays the commonplace of wars is not only a specific geographic region, but more often it can be cyberspace, mass media or economic systems, which all lack physical borders.

Nowadays, war can be won or lost without a single drop of blood being spilled. It can be lost even without noticing it. Last but not least, vital changes appear to come into being as if out of nothing, unexpectedly and seemingly without any cause.

In this paper, I propose to apply the so-called Abd law and the model of punctuated equilibria to the deep archaeological past to provide models for military organizations in the present to yea future conflicts and their specific forms. As a consequence of these complexities, modern armies around the world have significantly changed by definition and nature. In contrast to the past, it is not only a force defending a given country and geographic region.

Abusir and Saqqara in the Year : Miroslav Barta :

To meet such challenges armies unavoidably require analytical tools which can be provided exclusively by interdisciplinary research anticipating and explicating long-term trends and major laws underlying the evolution of any given civilization. Thus we need Big history, Deep time, and Big data to find our way into the future and make the world more stable and safer.

By definition this theory postulates that major changes take place abruptly and change entirely the nature and principles on which a given system operates. After reaching a critical level of multiple minor changes and and the increasing impact of diminishing returns of the system, the period of stasis or equilibria disappears and the individual subsystems start to intensify their interactions with each other, eventually leading to a deep and complex change of the overall structure and operating principles of the system.

What emerges is that we need to analyse long term tendencies and deep time data from as many spheres of human activities as possible in order to recognize and predict the loss of equilibria and an aggravation of potential for a leap in the form of a major discontinuity. This being not enough, a cultural system entering such an unstable and historically brief period of major reshuffle is more often than not influenced by external factors of which climate change may be the most essential one.

While the inner dynamics of a given system can be controlled to a limited extent, modified and tempered, external factors such as climate change being the most significant oneare global variables that cannot be overridden, and consequently, have always led to political instability. What modern military organizations might consider is that long term trends in study of human populations, processes in nature, and the mechanisms of their change, together with the predictive potential inherent in this theory, are precisely those that can considerably increase security and stability, but may also have significant bearing on the efficacy of performance, and accuracy of military strategies.

An Electronic Journal and Knowledge Base. Abusir is best known for its four pyramid complexes of the Fifth Dynasty rulers. Beside them, however, the site offers a wealth of evidence for the history of Archaic and Old Kingdom when the site belonged to the most significant burial