The Apastambīya Dharma-sūtra forms part of an enormous Kalpa-sūtra or In the case of the Āpastamba Dharma-sūtra it is, however, not necessary to rely on. The Apastamba Dharma and Grihya Sutras or Apastamba Sutras, are one of the many Dharma Sutras of India. They were followed mostly in South India. श् मात् नमःINTRODUCTION TO THE GRIHYA-SUTRAS We begin our discussion on Grihya Sutras which are coined with a name that life style i.

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Nor whilst immersed in water, naktam ca- apdvrte II 18 II The last condition mentioned in the Sutra indicates, that the place must have a river or tank, not wells only, as the purification by sipping water acamanam cannot be performed without help, with water from wells. Now follows the penance for him who transgresses the rules of studentship.


Carnivorous birds are forbidden34 For them he may use it optionally. But he shall always eat in addition to the meal given in honour of a dead personfood which has not been given at a sacrifice to the Manes.

In our days this rule is usually not observed. And in common life, at the occasion of ceremonies performed for the sake of welfare, the sentences shall be headed by this word, as, for instance, ‘[om] an auspicious day,’ ‘[Om] welfare,’ [Om] prosperity.

On the other hand, Dr.

But it would seem that it happened a considerable time before apastamab Vedic period came to an end, and it certainly was an accomplished fact, long before the authenticable history of India begins, about B.

He is the primary cause, he is eternal, he is unchangeable. Tamaso vd esa tamah pravisati yam avidvdn upanayate yascd avidvdn iti hi brdhmanam II 11 II When one has washed away the stains of urine and faeces after voiding urine or faeces, the stains of food [after dinner], the stains of the food eaten the day before [from his vessels], and the stains of semen, and has also washed the feet and afterwards has sipped water, one becomes pure.


And if he does not live in the same villagehe shall go frequently to his teacher’s residence, in order to see him, and bring him some present with his own hand, be it even only a stick for cleaning the teeth. E, with the Persian conquest of the Panjab and Sindh. Those teachers, who instructed his teacher in that branch of learning which he sutrw student] studies with him, [are to be considered as] spiritual teachers [by the student]. Some declare, that one ought to avoid only, to study in the same house where they dwell.

Nor shall he, being impure, return a salutation.

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If no one is there to give permission the student at home should follow the rule given in For it is a significant fact that the numerous ancient landgrants which have been stura all over India indicate exactly the same state of things.

That student who, attending to two [teachers], accuses his [principal and first] teacher of ignorance, remains no [longer] a student.

When they leave and enter the village, that is the second occasion on apasamba he may enter the village. I, 19, 1, 4: The feet of all Gurus must be embraced every day by a student who has returned home; 7. If one is in the presence of both his guru and his guru’s guru parama-guru then all the protocol of respect should be paid to the parama-guru and not to the guru.

Haradatta names as such gods, NandTsvara and Kubera. But his sin is removed after death.


Other commentators interpret the Sutra in a different sense. All four are entitled to practice the Dharma set forth by the agreement of the Law-givers. Thus Panini, IV, 2, 98, teaches the formation of daksinatya in the sense of ‘belonging to or living in the south or apasttamba Dekhan,’ and a Varttika of Katyayana on Panini, IV, 1,states that the words Chola and Pandya are apastaba as names of the princes ruling over the Chola and Pandya countries, which, as is known from history, were situated in the extreme south of India.

If he does not obtain anything at the seven houseshe must fast. Some declare, that the term “touching water” rendered by “washing means “sipping water. Again, Baudhayana, in his Dharma-sutra I, i, quotes song verses in which it is said that he who visits the Kalingas must purify himself by the performance of certain sacrifices in order to become fit for again associating with Apxstamba.


Or he may study it [on a high-road], after having smeared [a space] with cow-dung. If not addressed by a Guru, he shall not speak to him, except in order to announce good news.

Introduction to the Apastamba Sutras

Apastabma commentator explains anika, translated above ‘he who learns the Veda from his son,’ by ‘a money-lender,’ and combines pratyupavishtah with this word, i.

For he says, p. He shall not study whilst he rides on beasts of burden. Evening means just before sunset. One shall not eat in the house of a [relation within six degrees] where a person has died, before the ten days [of impurity] have elapsed. The 27 th the rules for the performance of the latter 3. Nor the snake-headed fish, nor the alligator, nor those which live on flesh only, nor those which are misshaped like mermen.

To him [the teacher] the [student] shall offer [a portion of the alms], Prasna 1. Owing to the very unsatisfactory condition of the text of the Karana-vyuha it is unfortunately not possible to ascertain what place that work really assigns to the Apastambiyas among the five branches of the Khandikiyas.

II, 5, 11 and They are mostly given as seshas or parisishtas, tacked on at the end, and generally marked as such in the MSS. Besides [in this particular case] a [worldly] motive for the practice is apparent. According to them the translation would run thus: He shall address a woman in order to reassure her, and do it in apstamba terms: Nor shall he eat where they give him food, reviling him.