Aresti’s fundamental insight was that almost any aerobatic figure can be broken down Pingback: Aresti Notation (aerobatic symbols) | The Aerobatic Project. EXPLANATION OF ARESTI SYMBOLS. Beginning of flight. | End of flight. Inside loop (positive G). Start of manoeuvre. Outside loop (negative G). First published in , José Luis de Aresti’s ‘Sistema Aresti’ provided Aresti Notation (aerobatic symbols), Part 1: the Standard Known.

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The maneuver starts with a pull-up of about 3 to 4 G. Dotted lines like this are often used to keep the maneuvers from being drawn on top of each other. Once the bank is established the turn is started. These maneuvers involve bringing the airplane to a complete stop in a vertical attitude and then sliding back a visible amount. Thick dot represents the beginning of the manoeuver, while arfsti short perpendicular line represents the end.

The catalog broadly classifies manoeuvers into numbered families. The K-values included with the competition figures give an indication of the difficulty of each of these maneuvers.

On the FAA power commercial pilots test a Chandelle is defined as a maximum performance climbing turn through degrees while maintaining a constant turn rate. The plane should sgmbols settle during the last part of the maneuver and the recovery.

Hesitation or point rolls include stops at certain roll angles. The exit line at the bottom has to be at least as long as the other three sides. Parts of loops connect these line segments. This one, like the Immelman, does not preserve speed and altitude.

A Chandelle to the left is quite different than one to the right because of the ever increasing amount of p-factor in the second half of the maneuver. The following basic routines are good training tools to practice your transitions and location. A snap roll is similar to an accelerated horizontal spin — essentially an autorotation with one wing stalled. The looping part on the top of the figure does not have to be the same radius as the two other looping portions atesti quarter loops going into and coming out of the humpty.


Vertical segments indicate vertical flight symbos. Higher K-values mean more difficult maneuvers. A good sequence is more than the sum of its individual parts.

Aresti Notation–Sunrise Aviation

Voice From Abroad: The two vertical lines and the horizontal line on top have ardsti be of synbols same length. The FAA commercial pilot version is similar but the maximum bank is only 45 degrees instead of 90 degrees. These symbols are used to represent the aerobatic maneuvers, or “figures,” officially recognized by the Federation Aeronautique Internationale FAI.

In this figure in competition the two looping parts have to be flown at the same altitude with the same radius. Two- four- and eight-point rolls are allowed. This again is one of the maneuvers that have been used to reverse direction while preserving altitude and airspeed.

Skip to main content. A detailed explanation on how to properly execute a competition Slow Roll to the IAC judging standards. Use the Aresti system to write down the maneuvers; this greatly helps in practice and makes a record of your maneuvers for later reference. Feel free to make up routines of your own. The plane has to maintain a constant roll rate, constant turn rate and constant altitude throughout the rolling turn.

There are some figures where this does not apply completely. This is a detailed explanation of the Immelman to competition judging standards. These symbols may look complicated at first, but a careful inspection reveals that they are very descriptive of the maneuvers they represent.



Aerobatic Figures

Aerobatics Airplanes Safety Courses Competition. The plane has to maintain a constant bank and altitude throughout the turn. The controls are maintained in that position till the roll is completed.

Again, the two loops have to have the same radius symbbols have to be flown at the same altitude, and entry and exit altitudes have to be the same. For a more detailed insight, see the graphics accompanying each individual maneuver listed on the aerobatic courses page. During spin entry, the plane has to show a stall break, followed by the auto-rotation. A good sequence depends on how these parts fit together. The airspeed may be very low, close to zero, but since there is no wing loading during the turn-around, there is no stall at zero g wing loading, a wing does not stall.

This is a detailed explanation on how to properly execute a Loop to the IAC judging standard. Figure 1 shows the symbol for a regular inside snap roll.

Aresti Catalog

This is a variation of the basic loop. The dotted line between maneuvers 4 and 5 serves only to connect them. This figure is similar to a Full Cuban Eight, but the second loop is symbools outside loop. The catalog assigns each manoeuver a unique identifiercalled a catalog numberand difficulty factor, represented by the symbol K.

The downline can be used to adjust the altitude and speed at the end of the figure.