The Bush- Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS) is a standardised, quantifiable examination of catatonia designed to screen and diagnose. Tab. 1: According to the item Bush-Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS), here partially modified and partially reported, the severity of catatonia is. PDF | Objective: This article aims to describe the adaptation and translation process of the Bush-Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS) and.

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Benzodiazepines in the treatment of catatonic syndrome.

American Psychiatric Association; Catatonia associated with uraemic encephalopathy. Lohr J, Wisniewski A. Zeitschrift fur die gesamte Neurol und Psychiatr Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry The pharmacological treatment of catatonia: The catatonia rating scale I: Girish K, Gill NS.

Results of clear and unambiguous descriptions of 28 terms used to define or describe catatonia:. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. For example, in the study of Lee, DSM-criteria were used to classify catatonia Results Catatonia Symptomatology Catatonic symptomatology was highly prevalent in our patient sample.


Some limitations of our study should be pointed out. Catatonia has been identified in a variety of psychiatric, medical and neurological disorders, and drug-induced states.

The Detection and Measurement of Catatonia

Consequently, patients who present with catatonia to a clinic or hospital will be treated as if they have a behavioral problem that is more important than the motor syndrome. Presentation and frequency cayatonia catatonia in new admissions to two acute psychiatric admission units in India and Wales.

All patients admitted in inpatient department were routinely assessed through a detailed semi-structured interview. The use of atypical antipsychotics in the treatment of catatonia.

Bush-Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS) – PsychTools

We will be provided with an authorization token please note: We found low concurrent validity in criteria terminology and suggest that a new approach to detection of catatonia is warranted. The terminology used in the diagnostic criteria for catatonic schizophrenia has been a concern and may include 5 to 57 signs. As demonstrated by Stompe and colleagues, the detection of catatonia can be improved if the clinician relies on a greater number of specific signs with precise reference definitions.


The diagnosis of catatonia was made if cattaonia patients present with three or more symptoms out bueh twelve symptoms fulfilling the criteria of DSM Aust N Z J Psychiatry ; We recommend that a new catatonia rating scale be used in a variety of clinical settings to detect, identify, and measure catatonia and its response to treatment among a population of at-risk patients.

Lethal catatonia responding to high-dose olanzapine therapy.

Bush-Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS)

Catatonia in psychotic patients: Catatonia and its treatment. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 93, Consequently, these divergent findings raise two interesting points.

Developments, reliability and use. Catatonic signs must be elicited by examination but are usually not observed nor detected by a routine clinical interview.

The Detection and Measurement of Catatonia

Patients who did not respond to lorazepam trial were given ECT. Pommepuy N, Januel D.

Fink M, Taylor MA.