Fungi developing on dung samples, from a wide range of locations and incubated in moist chambers, were recorded. Highly significant differences were found. Animal dung, and especially that of herbivorous mammals, bears a large number of fungi that are adapted to their specialized substratum. Various adaptations. PDF | Fungi developing on dung samples, from a wide range of locations Occurrence of common coprophilous fungi on different dung types.

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The basidiospores are intermediate in size between those of C. Coprinus radiatus Bolton Fr. Boedijn The particular feature of this fungus is its large spores, which have two pigmented cells It seems to be less frequent than S.

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Coprophilous fungi from Brazil

This page was last edited on 5 Januaryat Descriptions of some of the more interesting fungi are given, and aspects of their biodiversity and ecology are discussed. The seven samples provided a total of 75 records of 32 species.

These spores are slightly smaller than those described for C. On balance these features suggest an atypical S. Lundqvist and Van Brummelenin their coprophilos treatments of the Sordariaceae and Ascobolus and Saccobolusnoted some early records but, apart from the collections of Andre de Meijer personal communication and Jahnthere seem to be few recent records of coprophilous fungi from Brazil.


Ascomycetes, coprophilous fungi, diversity, species richness.

Coprophilous fungi

The distribution of coprophilous fungi is closely linked to the distribution of the herbivores on which they rely, such as rabbits, deer, cattle, horses and sheep.

Points of interest in these observations are the relative abundance of Saccobolus species in contrast to the scarcity of Ascobolusa ratio of 4. A widespread but overlooked species, recorded from Peru in Van Brummelen, Traverso Perithecial necks with asymmetrically arranged tapering tufts of setae, composed of fascicles of non-inflated hyphae.

Samples were incubated for up to10 wk, with observations continuing whilst new fungi were being observed. Secondary appendages difficult to see, either in the ascus or fnugi free spores, but the short simple apical appendage had a fibrillose appearance, rather like the illustration of P.

University of Toronto Press. Lanatuliwith a veil of long-celled inflated hyphae. Australian National Botanic Gardens. This is the commonest, most widespread and most variable species of Saccobolus.


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Spores are biseriate, x In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology. Samples were copropphilous and incubated on 1 August on moist paper towelling in plastic boxes with lightly fitting transparent lids, under ambient light and at room temperature ca o C.

Cap reddish, setulose, the setules brown and capitate. All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License.

I am grateful to my son, Andrew, for translating the Portuguese summary. Retrieved from ” https: Most were dry when collected, and were placed in paper envelopes. Selected material annotated M in the records below has been placed in the Herbarium of the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.

Coprophilous fungi – Wikipedia

Spores obliquely uniseriate, hyaline, ellipsoid, Van Brummelen described S. Krug Macroscopically similar to S. Paraphyses with yellowish contents, very slightly clavate.