Echinochloa is a very widespread genus of plants in the grass family. Some of the species are Nakai – Pseudechinolaena polystachya; Echinochloa elephantipes – Panicum elephantipes; Echinochloa eruciformis – Brachiaria. Echinochloa polystachya (Kunth) Hitchc. Show All Show Tabs creeping river grass. Image of Echinochloa polystachya. General Information. Symbol: ECPO3. PSEUDECHINOLAENA polystachya (Kunth) Stapf [family POACEAE], in F.T.A. 9: (); Fl. Agrost. Congo Belge 2: 74 (); Ann. list grasses Ug.:

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Ligule a rim of stiff, yellow hairs to echinoculoa mm long. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions federal and state legislation, and local government laws directly or indirectly related to each control method. Complements para grass Brachiaria mutica water to 30 cm deep and Hymenachne amplexicaulis water deepr than 1 m. Cattle get access as seasonal flood levels recede. They can be planted manually into wet mud or dropped into the surface of shallow water and pushed into the soil by special wheels on a light-weight tractor.

Scientific American 3: Several outbreaks resulting in cattle mortality echinochhloa been reported in Paraiba and Rio Grande do Norte in Brazil Silva et al.

The Amity cultivar was introduced into Australia in the s to improve the productivity of ponded pastures. German grass may cause nitrate and nitrite poisoning in cattle. Among the plant pathogens that affect this genus are the sac fungus Cochliobolus sativuswhich has been noted on common barnyard grass, and rice hoja blanca virus. There has been no evidence of viable seed ever being produced in Northern Territory, Australia.


Check polystachyya website at www. Some of the species within this genus are millets that are grown po,ystachya cereal or fodder crops.

The productivity echhinochloa the C 4 grass Echinochloa polystachya on the Amazon floodplain. However, it can be very responsive to high levels of N fertiliser. These stems are hairless i. Both affect many other grass species, in particular most important cereals, and Echinochloa weeds may serve as a reservoir.

Corresponding intakes for sheep increased from The spikelets are awned, lanceolate and about mm long. Bufalos do Para, Belem, Brazil.


Grows best in wet or seasonally flooded areas, where flooding can occur for 7—12 months of the year. Gains differ around the year: Ornithospermum Durandenot validly published. A native of tropical and sub-tropical America from south-eastern USA i. German grass is tolerant of sodicity and salinity Lukacs et al. A weed of seasonally flooded areas e. Latin American Tables of Feed Composition.

The nodes are densely hairy Hannan-Jones et al. It can grow in water as deep as 2 m and does not float. Cereal and grass forages Forage plants. Nitrate and nitrite poisoning German grass may cause nitrate and nitrite poisoning in cattle.

Clinical signs of nitrate poisoning include anorexia, respiratory distress, teeth grinding, depression or hyperexcitability, tremors, abdominal contractions, salivation, nasal discharge, uncoordinated gait, cyanosis and recumbency.

Fact sheet – Echinochloa polystachya

Lucia, Trinidad and Tobago. Melissa Collins close-up of base of leaf blade showing ligule Photo: Tolerates a wide range of soil fertility, but best on soils of medium to high fertility. Their life-span is about 34 days.

Melissa Collins stems and leaves Photo: Queensland Government, Department of primary Industries and Fisheries. A robust, vigorous, aquatic or semi-aquatic grass generally growing The leaves are alternately arranged along the stems and sometimes have a reddish or purplish tinge.


Datasheet Description Click on the “Nutritional aspects” tab for recommendations for ruminants, pigs, poultry, rabbits, horses, fish and crustaceans. This page was last edited on 23 Mayat In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Animals supplemented with leucaena had a lesser proportion of white viscera compared to those fed the control diet. Aspects of nitrogen-utilization in Asiatic water buffalo and Zebu cattle. Milk production, body weight gain and pregnancy percentile in crossbred buffaloes with multinutritional block feed supplement.

Echinochloa polystachya

Normally grown in water to 1 m depth but can persist for short periods in deeper water to 3 m. It is generally protected from overnight frost by its aquatic habit Hannan-Jones et al.

In PhD dissertation, Dpt Agron. However, as nitrate poisoning has been reported in rabbits fed Bermuda grass or Para grass containing high levels of nitrate Adegbola et al. Seed yields and quality are very low. The action plan for Australian birds Effect of supplementation regimes and vacuum ageing on palatability of beef longissimus from Criollo Limonero steers fattened on pasture.

Click on images to enlarge. Lemma of lower floret 5. Echinochloa polystachya growth is closely linked to the annual rise and fall of water levels over the floodplain surface Piedade et al.