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HISTORY OF SULTAN SALAHUDDIN AYUBI IN URDU PDF

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Inthe vizier to the Fatimid caliph al-AdidShawarhad been driven out of Egypt by his rival Dirghama member of the powerful Banu Ruzzaik tribe.

Al-Wahrani wrote that Saladin was selected because of the reputation of his family in their “generosity and military prowess”. When Saladin received its surrender, he proceeded to arrange the defense of Harim from the Crusaders. He reported to the caliph and his own subordinates in Yemen and Baalbek that was going to attack the Armenians.

While ill, he asked Saladin to pay him a visit to request that he take care of his young children, but Saladin refused, fearing treachery against the Abbasids, and is said to have regretted his action after realizing what al-Adid had wanted.

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A siege was set, but the governor of Tell Khalid surrendered upon the arrival of Saladin himself on 17 May before a siege could take place. Saladin attempted to gain the Caliph an-Nasir’s support against Izz al-Din by sending him a letter requesting a document that would give him legal justification for taking over Mosul and its territories.

Saladin sent a gift to Nur ad-Din, who had been his friend and teacher, 60, dinars, “wonderful manufactured goods”, some jewels, and an elephant. An exchange was negotiated where Zangi would hand over Aleppo to Saladin in return for the restoration of his control of Sinjar, Nusaybin, and Raqqa. Saladin wrote in a letter to al-Adil: She did not have children. When the Crusader force—reckoned to be the largest the kingdom ever produced from its own resources, but still outmatched by the Muslims—advanced, the Ayyubids unexpectedly moved down the stream of Ain Jalut.

They intercepted Crusader reinforcements from Karak and Shaubak along the Nablus road and took a number of prisoners. Later in the year, a group of Egyptian soldiers and emirs attempted to assassinate Saladin, but having already known of their intentions thanks to his intelligence chief Ali ibn Safyan, he had the chief conspirator, Naji, Mu’tamin al-Khilafa—the civilian controller of the Fatimid Palace—arrested and killed. The image of Saladin they used was the romantic one created by Walter Scott and other Europeans in the West at the time.

Sultan of Egypt — Upon hearing this, Saladin swore an oath to personally execute Raynald. The Ayyubids held a council upon the revelation of these preparations to discuss the possible threat and Saladin collected his own troops outside Cairo.

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According to Baha ad-Din ibn ShaddadSaladin was born on the same night salahuddinn his family salanuddin Tikrit. Saladin saw that in uru to acquire Syria, he either needed an invitation from as-Salih, or to warn him that potential anarchy could give rise to danger from the Crusaders. March Learn how and when to remove this template message. Mujahed al-Din Bihruza former Greek slave who had been appointed as the military governor of northern Mesopotamia for his service to the Seljuksreprimanded Ayyub for giving Zengi refuge and in banished Ayyub from Tikrit hiztory his brother Asad al-Din Shirkuh killed a friend of Bihruz in an honour killing.

From then on, he ordered prayers in all the mosques of Syria syubi Egypt as the sovereign king and he issued at the Cairo mint gold coins bearing his official title— al-Malik an-Nasir Yusuf Hostory, ala ghaya “the King Strong to Aid, Joseph son of Job; exalted be the standard.

During his tenure as vizier, Saladin began to undermine the Fatimid establishment and, following al-Adid’s death inhe abolished the Salahudfin Caliphate and realigned the country’s allegiance with the SunniBaghdad -based Abbasid Caliphate. He then resolved to destroy the fortress, called Chastellet and manned by the Templars, moving his headquarters to Banias.

With the rise of Arab nationalism in the 20th Century, particularly with regard to the Arab—Israeli conflictSaladin’s heroism and leadership gained a new significance.

From the point of view of Saladin, in terms of territory, the war against Mosul was going well, but he still failed to achieve his objectives and his army was shrinking; Taqi al-Din took his men back to Hama, while Nasir al-Din Muhammad and his forces had left. A suburban community of ErbilMasif Salahaddin, is also named after him.

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By 23 August, Saladin had decisively quelled the uprising, and never again had to face a military challenge from Cairo. Saladin was unnerved at the attempt on his life, which he accused Yistory and the Assassins of plotting, and so increased his efforts in the siege.

Saladin consulted his council and the terms were accepted. Saladin gave a loud cry, exclaiming that Sinan himself was the figure that had left the tent.

Emir of Damascus — Imad ad-Din al-Isfahani compiled a list of Saladin’s sons along with their dates of birth, according to information provided by Saladin late in his reign. Briefings on Present and Potential Wars 3, illustrated, revised ed. The day wyubi, 50, Black African soldiers from the regiments of the Fatimid army opposed to Saladin’s rule, along with a number of Egyptian emirs and commoners, staged a revolt.

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With Shawar assassinated in and Shirkuh’s natural death later that year, al-Adid appointed Saladin vizier, a rare nomination of a Sunni Muslim to such an important position in the Isma’ili Shia caliphate. The Crusaders withdrew beforehand and Saladin proclaimed it “a victory opening the gates utdu men’s hearts”. The Battle of Hama did not end the contest for power between the Ayyubids and the Zengids, with the final confrontation occurring sultah the spring of Where heaven touches earth: Presently, Saladin awoke to find a figure leaving the tent.

In OctoberRichard began restoring the inland castles on the coastal plain beyond Jaffa in preparation for an advance on Jerusalem. After establishing a garrison at Sinjar, he awaited a coalition assembled by Izz al-Din consisting of his forces, those from Aleppo, Mardin, and Armenia. Retrieved 20 August He did not press an attack against the desert castles, but attempted to drive out the Muslim Bedouins who lived in Crusader territory with the aim of depriving salahucdin Franks of sulyan.

Before he could move, however, there were a number of administrative details to be settled. The sons listed by Imad number fifteen, but elsewhere he writes that Saladin was survived by seventeen sons and one daughter.

Saladin’s intimates accused Majd al-Din of misappropriating the revenues of Zabid, but Saladin himself believed there was no evidence to back the allegations.

All suktan the booty from the Ayyubid victory was accorded to the army, Saladin not keeping anything himself.

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After Richard reoccupied Jaffa and restored its fortifications, he and Saladin again discussed terms. The latter demanded that Nur al-Din return the lands given to him as a dowry for marrying his daughter when he received reports that she was being abused and used to gain Seljuk territory. Once he reached Bira, near the river, he was joined by Kukbary and Nur al-Din of Hisn Kayfa and the combined forces captured the cities of Jazira, one after the other.

In the early summer ofNur ad-Din was mustering an army, sending summons to Mosul, Diyar Bakrand the Jazira in an apparent preparation of attack against Saladin’s Egypt. Raynald responded by looting a caravan of pilgrims on the Hajj in Saladin arrived at the city on 10 November