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Planning Manual (Doc ) provides guidance on how. States should determine required levels of air traffic services for their airspace. ICAO Air Traffic Services Planning Manual. Document Language: English; Published By: International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO); Page Count. The instrument landing system (ILS) is the ICAO standard, non-visual aid to final approach and landing. Ground equipment consists of two highly directional.

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Remote and virtual tower RVT is a new concept where the air traffic service ATS at an airport is performed somewhere else than in the local control tower.

advisory route – Esterm

The first remote tower implementation providing aerodrome ATS was approved and introduced into operations in Sweden in Aprilwith further implementations in other EASA Member States well underway. The airspace users should be provided with the appropriate level of services as if the ATS were provided locally at the airport.

DLR in and describes a remote ATC control room with video-sensor based surveillance instead of ‘out-of-the-window’ view from a real tower. These real-time images are displayed at large monitors providing up to degree view. Beside the live video feed from the airport, the ATCOs have available the same air traffic management computer systems as they would have in a local control tower building, being voice communication systems, meteorological systems, flight plan systems, and Surveillance display systems.


The level of equipage might depend on whether it is a controlled TWR ucao, or a Flight Information Service being provided at the specific airport. ESTA in southern Sweden.

As a contingency mechanism during this trial, the local control tower at Angelholm was staffed by ATCOs. In DLR carried out the first human in the loop remote tower center simulation, whereas a remote controller operated traffic at two different low frequented airports simoultanouesly.

Search by property – EUROCONTROL ATM Lexicon

Despite several biases the controllers’ situation awareness was over-average and their workload remained in average range and operational feasibility could be shown the first time. As of 21 April This is reported to be the first production deployment of RVT in the world. The equipment necessary for the testing is expected to be installed at the Fort Collins-Loveland Municipal Airport by spring ofwith initial testing and assessments of the new virtual technology commencing shortly thereafter.

There is also a great potential to better and more cost efficiently serve flights which either are scheduled outside the core opening hours of the airport, or by being able to serve non scheduled traffic ambulance flights and search-and-rescue helicopters with an air traffic service during night time when a smaller airports would normally be closed. The group was tasked as a first step to develop standards for remote towers optical systems.

These MASPS are applicable to all optical sensor configurations visible, as well as infrared spectrum to be used for the implementation of the remote provision of ATS to an aerodrome, encompassing the whole chain from sensor to display.


This standard should help vendors and customers to quantify an optimal operational system performance and to verify it in a standardised way.

While some may argue, there are strong similarities between the concept of RVT, and kcao criteria for disruptive innovations as defined by Clayton Christensen and Michael Raynor in the book “Innovators Solution”.

A closer examination of 9246 technology and its practical use would indicate that it is more appropriately categorized as a sustainable innovation, marking an evolution in aerodrome control by supplanting visual observation with a surveillance system.

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