Isocost-isoquant analysis: theory of production: The production function: a figure known as an isoquant diagram (Figure 1). In the graph, goldsmith-hours per. Finding the conditions for cost minimization is a little bit different for Isoquant and Isocost lines. Instead of finding the optimal quantity level for a. Isoquants: An isoquant (equal quantity) is a curve that shows the combinations of certain inputs such as Labor (L) and Capital (K) that will produce a certain.

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The long-run production function of a firm involving the usage of two factors, say, capital and labour is represented by equal-product curve or isoquant. Cost minimisation occurs when an isoquant is just tangent to but does not cross an isocost line.

However, at these points the firm remains at a lower isoquant IQ 1which yields a lesser level of output than that on IQ 2. Least cost input is a combination where the slope of isoquant is equal to the slope of isocost. It is also known as the desired rate of factor substitution, i.

Isocost – Wikipedia

A line joining tangency points of isoquants and isocosts with input prices held constant is called the expansion path. While going through this analysis students may osoquant it is a revision of the indifference curve and the budget line.

This is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Isoquants are typically drawn as being convex to the origin because of the assumed substitutability of inputs.

In both cases the factors will have to be employed in optimal combination at which the cost of production will be minimum. This is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal.


The capacity of the producer is shown by his monetary resources, i. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. This combinations must be the analysix efficient ones — i. This is used isoqant detect comment spam.

If the price of labour falls the firm could buy more of labour and the line will shift away from the origin. This equals the ratio of marginal productivity of two inputs. Therefore, choosing the right input combination leads to cost minimization and hence ensures maximum profits. The iso cost line will shift to the right when money spent on factors increases or firm could buy more as the factor prices are given.

This is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. The firm can maximize its profits either by maximizing the level of output for a given cost or by minimizing the cost of producing a given output.

Profit Maximization Through the Technique of Isoquant and Isocost Line

In the theory of consumer behavior, isoquatn analyze the equilibrium of a consumer with the help of the indifference curve analysis. In other words, it is the problem of getting the highest amount of output from the given outlay.

The decision to supply an extra unit depends on the marginal cost of producing that unit. The focus of this chapter is on the firm.

Isocost-isoquant analysis

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So the condition that the MRTS be equal to the input cost ratio is equivalent to the condition that the marginal product per dollar is equal for the two inputs. You can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account.

In this equationPL is the price of labour and Pk is the price of capital. It is a graphical representation of various combinations of inputs say Labour L and capital K which give an equal level of output per unit of isocoat.

This page was last edited on 20 Novemberat The cost is minimum, when the input combination is optimal. ComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Views Read View source View history.

With the change in the factor prices the slope isoccost iso cost lien will change. Outlay is not sufficient to move to IQ 3.

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It looks for that factor combination that is on the lowest of the isocost lines. Each curve shows isoquabt alternative combinations of labour and capital that would produce 8 and 10 units of output, respectively.